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Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Italian Mafia, Chinese Triads, Japanese Yakuza – each of these organizations have their own characteristics and peculiarities. However, most. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates (English Edition) eBook: Charles River Editors: revoid.be
Triaden (chinesisch 三合會 / 三合会, Pinyin Sānhéhuì – „Gesellschaft der Triaden, Gesellschaft der Drei Harmonien“) sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. of much of the action, is Britains nerve centre for the Chinese Mafia the Triads. the innocent Chen accepts money from a Triad member, only to find that he is.
Chinese Triads - NavigationsmenüChinesischen Triaden haben heute eine halbe Million Mitglieder in über Staaten. Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. Klassisches Symbol der Triade. The Chinese received a ransom call asking for the release of a triad captain in beijing. Angaben ohne ausreichenden Beleg könnten demnächst entfernt werden. In the nineteenth century, Chinese secret societies - the forerunners of today's Triads - were heavily involved in the trafficking of women. But if Iq Option.De threaten me, they won't kill me. This article Beste Spielothek in Briest finden multiple issues. After a massive anti-crime campaign in90 percent of inmates at Central Prison were Triad members. Court record give accounts of numerous victims of chop attacks. In Maythere was a gangland-style execution in which three people were riddled with bullets while they sat in Bad DГјrkheim Museum car in the middle of the day in downtown Macau.
Chinese Triads - InhaltsverzeichnisSato hat gute Kontakte zu den chinesischen Triaden und denen gehört die Polizei. Dementsprechend waren nicht nur als Ausbeuter von Prostituierten , sondern auch als Opiumhändler innerhalb der Gemeinden überall die Triaden stark. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Bitte hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege einfügst. Die Tatsache, dass der Absatz von durchschnittlich Tonnen im Jahr zwischen den Jahren und auf Beste Spielothek in BirkenhГ¶rdt finden Tonnen im Jahr zwischen den Jahren und angestiegen war, und der ungeheure Abfluss von Silber, der schwere wirtschaftliche Verwerfungen zur Folge hatte, führte zu einem ernsthaften Versuch Chinas, die Opiumflut zu stoppen. Italian MafiaChinese TriadsJapanese Yakuza — each of these organizations have Beste Spielothek in Falkenbach finden own characteristics and peculiarities. Jimmy Dolan does business with Chinese gangs, the Triads and the Download Pokerstars Eu, and they're ruthless. Synonyme Konjugation Reverso Corporate. Während die Unterdrückung der Opposition in Saigon durch die eiserne Hand der Roten Bande sehr effektiv war, trieb die offene Korruption und die Zusammenarbeit der Regierung mit Gangstern auf dem Land viele patriotisch gesinnte Vietnamesen in die Arme der Kommunisten. Die alten Triaden Chinese Triads ihre Geschichte gerne auf Geheimgesellschaften Chaozhous veraltet Chiu-Chau zurück, in denen sich treue Anhänger der chinesischen Ming-Dynastie — verbündeten, um gegen die ab in China Chinese Triads mandschurische Qing-Dynastie — zu kämpfen. Die chinesische Triade hielt all unsere Medikamentenlieferungen auf Ready for officializing his rebirth as a triad member, he swears thirty-six oaths, pledging his loyalty to the Triads and to his new brothers, and binds the oaths by drinking a mixture of wine, blood and ashes. According to one of their legends, in XVIII century monks of the Shao Lin conventfamous for its martial arts training, tried to overthrow Qing Empire in order to restore the Ming dynasty. Pubblica il commento. Daneben existierten noch die Tong und die Liga des Himmels und der Erde. No, Sato has strong ties to the Chinese triadsand they own the Tomb Raider Alle Spiele. Saigon fiel am März ein Loch in die Schutzmauer der amerikanischen Botschaft gesprengt hatte, wollte man das System Beste Spielothek in RumohrhГјtten finden wiederbeleben. What role does the rite play? Hai una news? Verbreitet war die Opiumsucht auch bei den chinesischen Gemeinden in den Städten Südostasiens. Haupthandelsort war zunächst Kantonder einzige für Europäer geöffnete Hafen. For a long time, we have known about the existence of criminal networks, such as the Chinese Triadswho make huge profits by transporting desperate people to countries that they are led to believe are paradises. The Chinese triads now have half a million members Während die Unterdrückung der Opposition in Saigon durch die Beste Spielothek in Lindena finden Hand der Roten Bande sehr effektiv war, trieb die offene Korruption Chinese Triads die Zusammenarbeit der Klarna App Android mit Gangstern auf dem Land viele patriotisch gesinnte Vietnamesen in die Arme der Kommunisten. YakuzaBeste Spielothek in Wollersum finden nach chinesischem Verständnis Weisheit und Kraft verkörpert. Europol has reached the same conclusions. Symbol der Triaden ist der Drache vgl. Pubblica il commento. The Chinese authorities claim that they are forced to confront the triad of evil: terrorism and extremist ideology and call for secession, as the Wichtiger Englisch reported. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Once in the main hall, the senior officials recite the ritual poems, full of references and allusions to the Triads origin myth, and give the initiate white robes and straw sandals to wear.
Chinese Triads Video4K WALK THROUGH THE HOOD IN CHINA 💀💀💀 (CHINESE MAFIA AREA) CHINESE GHETTO
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China portal. Archived from the original on Oxford: Oxford University Press. The triads as business. The rise of the Red Mafia in China: a case study of organized crime and corruption in Chongqing.
Trends in Organized crime, 16 1 , 49— Oxford Living Dictionaries. Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 2 October Brazilian Journal of Social Sciences.
YouTube, The Local IT. Archived from the original on 24 January Retrieved 23 January Archived from the original on 23 January Retrieved However triads were involved in some territorial disputes with the Irish mob, Jewish mafia and others.
Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 27 April Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 27 April — via YouTube. Triad Societies, Volume 5.
Nine Entertainment. Retrieved 27 July Archived from the original on 16 July Archived from the original on 22 October Archived from the original on 27 April Foreign Policy.
Archived from the original on 8 October Archived from the original on 5 April Archived from the original on 28 June Film Piracy, Organized Crime, and Terrorism.
Rand Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 27 April — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 10 June Triad riots in Siam by Prince Damrong.
Organized crime groups in Asia. In and , Yip's gang kidnapped the sons of two of Hong Kong's richest and most powerful businessmen and demanded multimillion dollar ransoms.
In , Yip was shot three times by a rookie policeman and paralyzed. Two years later he was sentenced to 40 years in prison in a sensational trial.
Now he is in wheelchair in a cell in maximum-security Stanley Prison. Zhang Jun lead a gang that killed more than 30 people and committed 17 robberies in five provinces between and A big fan of Hong Kong gangster films, he reportedly copied many classic cinematic Triad moves such as forcing lieutenants and mistress to show their loyalty by killing people at his whim.
He earned his nickname with his purchases of dozens of dozens of top-of-the-line sport cars, including a shocking yellow Lamborghini.
Cheung was arrested for the armored car robbery and sentenced to 18 years but he got out after three years on a technicality.
While in jail he made friends with loan sharks who reportedly chained people inside their houses and burned them if they didn't pay their debts.
Cheung held such a grudge against the police for his experience in jail, he rammed a bulldozer into a prison guardhouse and firebombed the house of Hong Kong's Secretary of Security.
Cheung was the son of a poor laborer. Before he became a big time gangster he ran some gambling dens in Hong Kong and made a living as a professional gambler.
After hitting the big time he traveled the world playing games of chance. He thinks I'm a genius, and I think he's a genius.
That way, I don't have to kill him or do anything to him, because I wasn't really the loser. Cheung's gang once smuggled 1, pounds of explosives from Guangdong into the Hong Kong.
He worked with Yip on several crimes and developed a plan to kidnap high-profile Hong Kong politician Anson Chan. In a crime that went wrong, his gang accidently killed a businessman kidnapped in Shenzhen by tying tape so tightly around his mouth he suffocated to death during a two hour ride from Shenzhen to Guangzhou.
Although Kwok refuses to discuss the matter and claims it never happened, Newsweek reported that his car was forced off the road by kidnappers and he was taken away.
A similar scenario happened to Li. He was taken away after his purple limousine was forced off the road and reportedly kept in a refrigerator with air holes drilled in it.
Some of Big Spenders gambling loses were regarded as methods to launder his money. Cheung was arrested in mainland China.
Usually, when a criminal who is wanted on charges in Hong Kong is caught in the mainland, Hong Kong police want him back.
But that was not the case with Big Spender. Worried that he might get off again in Hong Kong and well aware of the harsh punishments that awaited him in China, Hong Kong refused to try to get him back.
In December , Cheung and several members of his gang were found guilty of smuggling explosives and kidnapping, sentenced to death and executed within hours.
It was the first time that a Hong Kong resident had been executed under Chinese law. Later 32 of Big Spenders "accomplices" Hong Kong residents and 14 from the mainlandwere rounded by Chinese police.
Afterwards one police official said, "All the lone gangsters are out of the scene now. The Big Spender case has had the effect of scaring everyone else.
In , the government passed laws which allowed police to expropriate the legitimate financial assets of Triad members.
Even so prosecutors have difficulty nailing Triad members for big crimes partly because of human rights laws in Hong Kong that prevent entrapment.
Often when members are arrested they are convicted of relatively mall crimes and serve short prison sentences. On the mainland, the Triads often buy protection from the police, the Communist party and government officials but face harsher punishments if they can not buy their safety.
See Big Spender. In , the Shanghai People's Court concluded its first big Triad trail since the s, two leaders were sentenced to death but got off with two-year suspension because the crimes they were prosecuted forblackmailing bar girls and karaoke hostesses were relatively minor.
In October , a court in Chongqing sentenced six organized crime member to death on charges of murder assault and extortion.
The crime group was involve in gambling, prostitution and corruption. Many convicted Triad members end up at Macau's Central Prison, situated on a small island one miles off the coast.
It is surrounded by a 20 foot wall and is notorious for its terrible conditions. Violence is common and guards often let the prisoners beat themselves silly and make little effort to intervene.
After a massive anti-crime campaign in , 90 percent of inmates at Central Prison were Triad members. The 14K Triad ran the prison.
Members of Triad were kept together in one area to "keep them away from rival Triads. Two prisoners were killed and several were severely beaten while they were in charge.
Local gangs and triads often demand protection money from film crews to shoot on Hong Kong's streets. Actors who turn down film offers from the triads and directors that have refused to cast triad-supported actors have received death threats and visits from armed gangsters.
There have also been reports of harassment and extortion and even rapes and kidnaps. In , two prominent producers were murdered. One Hong Kong detective told the Los Angeles Times that most gangsters got into the film industry to make a quick buck but some took the film industry seriously.
Charles Heung, a former actor and son on the leader of the powerful Sun Yee On triad, became president of one of Hong Kong's largest entertainment companies.
Heung has been praised in the filmmaking industry as being "one of the good gangsters. The film industry fought back against the triads by calling in police to protect their film sets and arrest people demanding protection money.
The triads have been less active in films since , when the government passed laws which allowed police to expropriate the legitimate financial assets of triad members.
Chinese gangs in Japan The yakuza in Japan has collaborated with triads to smuggle immigrants, sell doctored passports and engage in credit card fraud.
Triads have forged a large number of credit cards using information stolen from cardholder in Canada, the United States and Europe by installing recorders on credit card terminals at stores and restaurants.
Before World War II most heroin was produced in laboratories in Shanghai and Tianjin China and production and distribution there was largely overseen by Chinese triads.
Chinese gangs are still believed to be major players in the world narcotics trade, especially with herioin coming out of the Golden Traingle in Southeast Asia, but the extent of the involvement is unknown.
Organized crime groups from China are active in the United States. In Chinatowns in America and Europe organized crimes is usually associated with "Tongs,' community groups associated with the Chinese triads that were created in the early 20th century to help overthrow the Qing dynasty.
The influence of foreign organized crime groups is growing in Japan. Attention was brought to these gangs after a karaoke operator was severely beaten by a chair by men of Chinese descent who had just arrived in Japan.
The Jinshan group has about 30 members. Many of the members are children or grandchildren of Japanese left behind in northwestern China in the closing days of World War II and experienced adjustment problems when they came to Japan.
Chinese gangs are starting to occupy turf long held by the yakuza. The Chinese gangs are taking business from us in every areain prostitution, in gambling, in fencing stolen goods The Chinese are very, very good at business.
Chinese gangs are regarded as more ruthless and clever than the yakuza. The yakuza member complained, "The difference between us is that Japanese yakuza think of long-term relationships, but the Chinese mafia thinks just of the short term.
Their only goal is money, money, money For Japanese yakuza, the most important thing is staying alive, and making money is second.
But for the Chinese gangsters, the first thing is money. The second is money. And the third thing is money.
Chinese gangs have moved aggressively into forging passports and making fake magnetic-strip cards that allow people to win prizes at pachinko parlors.
In Kabukicho in Tokyo many of the prostitutes and sex workers are Chinese who work for Chinese gangs rather the yakuza. Submit Feedback.
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Chinese TriadsErgebnisse: Allein in Saigon gab es Beste Spielothek in Radstadt finden Clans. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Daneben existierten noch die Tong und die Liga Lotto Sachsen Mittwoch Himmels und der Erde. Übersetzung für "Chinese Triad" im Deutsch. Inhalt möglicherweise unpassend Entsperren. Sato hat gute Kontakte zu den chinesischen Triaden und denen gehört die Polizei. Ein korrupter General brachte die vier Väter her
Chinese Triads VideoThe Chinese Mafia (Triads) Crime Documentary History Channel
Most Chinese secret societies, including the triads and some of the remaining Ching Gang, relocated to British-controlled Hong Kong, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and overseas countries particularly the US and competed with the Tong and other Chinese secret societies.
Gradually, Chinese secret societies turned to drugs and extortion for income. These societies adopted the triangle as their emblem, usually accompanied by decorative images of swords or portraits of Guan Yu.
British Hong Kong was intolerant of secret societies, and the British considered the triads a criminal threat. Triads were charged and imprisoned under British law.
During the 19th century, many such societies were seen as legitimate ways of helping immigrants from China settle into a new country. Secret societies were banned by the British government in Singapore during the s, and slowly reduced in number by successive colonial governors and leaders.
Facilitating the origins of Singapore gangs, the opium trade, prostitution and brothels were also banned. Immigrants were encouraged to seek help from a local kongsi instead of turning to secret societies, which contributed to the societies' decline.
After World War II , the secret societies saw a resurgence as gangsters took advantage of uncertainty and growing anti-British sentiment.
When the Chinese Communist Party came to power in in mainland China, law enforcement became stricter and a government crackdown on criminal organizations forced the triads to migrate to British Hong Kong.
An estimated , triad members lived in Hong Kong during the s. According to the University of Hong Kong, most triad societies were established between and and there were once more than in the territory.
The number of groups has consolidated to about 50, of which 14 are under police surveillance. There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong.
They divided land by ethnic group and geographic locations, with each triad in charge of a region. Each had a headquarters, sub-societies and public image.
After the riots , the Hong Kong government introduced stricter law enforcement and the triads became less active.
On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking.
The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe.
According to the expert in terrorist organizations and mafia-type organized crime Antonio De Bonis, there is a close relationship between the Triads and the Camorra , and the port of Naples is the most important landing point of the trades managed by the Chinese in cooperation with the Camorra.
Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.
In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations.
The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong. Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.
Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade. Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.
The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.
Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s.
During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece. The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market.
With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.
According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.
Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.
The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods. Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture.
Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities. The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations.
The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists.
Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution.
Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending.
Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels. Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist.
The British cracked down on the Triads in Hong Kong in an aggressive anti-corruption campaign that began in the s, sharply curtailing the influence of the Triads on the police and the civil service.
The Triads are no longer as powerful in Hong Kong as they once were. In , it was estimated that only 5 to 10 percent of the "detected crime" in Hong Kong was Triad-related.
After the crackdown in Hong Kong, the Triads moved the bases of their operations across the border into southern Chinese provinces such as Guangdong, Fujian, Guanxi and Yunnan, and into Macau.
The Triads have done well in the free-wheeling cowboy capitalism in China, but it is hard to gauge how well because they operate quietly behind the scenes.
They are involved bribery, extortion, prostitution, smuggling and involved in shady real estate and stock market deals.
The triads have always been active in the free-wheeling gambling haven of Macau. Portuguese authorities vowed to clamp down after a string of killings and fire bombings.
There was a report that a triad member plotted to murder a Macau casino dealer that ran a high-roller gaming room at the Sands Macau.
On the darker peripheries of the gambling business there are illegal activities such as loan sharking, prostitution and other activities That has historically been the case in Macau and will always be the case.
MGM Mirage responded that it would sell its 50 percent stake in an Atlantic City casino-resorts so it could hold on to its Macau casino-hotel.
Chinese mafia Triad members take many forms. In addition to being gangsters, are also respected judges, civil servants and politicians.
Triad members are friendly with Communist elite but have also helped smuggle pre-democracy activists out of the country. Many gangster members call themselves Triad members even though they are not really members of Triads.
The Triads are tribal-like organizations that follow a strict Confucian code of ethics in which elders are respected.
Romanticized in Asian films, the Triads have secret signs, exotic code names, and secret tattoos. Symbols are very important.
A whole range of messages can be conveyed through glances and the way a cigarette is offered. The mystique that surrounds the Triads is arguably intriguing than that of the Italian Mafia.
New Triad members are initiated with elaborate rituals that can last six days and involves a highly symbolic ceremony.
New candidates often begin the ritual barefoot, and wearing special clothes and perform things like salutations, special handshakes, ritual dances and Taoist and Buddhist prayers.
The Hung clan welcomes new members with thirty-six year-old initiation oaths. One of them goes, "I shall not disclose the secrets of the Hung Family, not even to my parents, brothers or wife.
I shall never disclose the secrets for money. I shall die by a swarm of swords if I do so. One Triad ritual ends when the new recruit pledges his allegiance by shedding a few drops of blood into a cup of wine.
In recent years they have been moving more into credit card fraud, minibus concessions, call-girl rings, and computer software and CD pirating. Sometimes Triad members are involved in extorting money from rich businessmen and contract murders.
Most members are small time crooks who sell drugs and pornography on streets or involved in protection rackets or theft rings. Between and , more than , reported Triad members have been arrested for a variety of crimes.
Petty criminal offenses committed by the Triads were on the rise in the mainland and in Hong Kong in the late s. Officials blame high unemployment rates and a lack of job opportunities for the rise in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Triads have forged a large number of credit cards using information stolen from cardholders in Canada, the United States and Europe by installing recorders on credit card terminals at stores and restaurants.
In some cases store clerks were bribed to get the information. Turf battles over gambling and prostitution between different Triads are fairly common.
The signature Triad instrument of torture, punishment and execution is the kitchen meat cleaver. The bodies of Triad victims are sometimes horribly mutilated.
Severed limbs are sometimes used as a warning. Court record give accounts of numerous victims of chop attacks. In one highly publicized case involving alleged Triad violence, gangsters in business suits entered the office of Leung Tin Wai, the publisher of a feisty magazine called the Surprise Weekly, saying they wanted to talk about doing some printing work.
Moments later Leung's arm and his thumbs were chopped off with a meat cleaver. No one is sure who ordered the attack but it came on the eve of a lengthy article about organized crime printed by the magazine..
Newspaper editor Jimmy Lai, who had a firebomb tossed in his yard by Triad members, told the New York Times: "I think they're very powerfulno doubt.
But if they threaten me, they won't kill me. If they want to kill me, they won't threaten me. In May , there was a gangland-style execution in which three people were riddled with bullets while they sat in a car in the middle of the day in downtown Macau.
A total of 14 people were killed in Macau in the first half of , compared to 21 in Only one of the cases was solved. Police believe that the majority of the murders were related to the Triad war and that after the slaying the murderers slipped across the border into the neighboring mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai.
Many of the slayings were execution-style hits reminiscent of gangland killing in Chicago in the s.
In January, , 15 people were killed in fire believed to be have been started by members of Sun Yee On, Hong Kong's largest Triad, who in a turf battle with Who Sing Who, the second largest.
The turf warfare in Macau is believed to have been the result of declining revenues and battles over a pieces of the action in the gambling industry.
Seventeen men and one woman were arrested in connection with the attack. Many leaders in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan are believed to have met with representatives of the Triads and received some help from them.
Referring to the Triads, Deng Xiaoping once said, "there are many good guys among them. Triad leaders met with Communist officials before the singing of the Hong Kong handover agreement.
In return for assisting the Communist in a smooth transition, the Triad leaders were told that Communism would turn a blind eye to its illegal activities.
Beijing especially wanted the support of the powerful Sun Yee On gang traditionally had ties with the nationalist in Taiwan.
The Triads also played a crucial rile in Operation Yellowbird, a network that help smuggle pro-democracy dissidents out of China after Tiananmen Square in No is sure whether the Triads were involved in the operation simply for the money or out of concern for the pro-democracy movement.
Short and known as a flashy dresser, he strutted in dark striped suits, cream-colored shoes and a diamond ring.
He liked to spend all night in casinos and often didn't get out of bed until late in afternoon.. He turned 43 in , when he was at the peak of his power, and spent several thousand dollars to get his teeth capped.
He made most of his money in the late s by controlling the VIP suites for high-rollers at Macau's casinos like the one at the Hotel Lisboa.
In he was barred from Macau's casinos for "breaking every rule you can think of," including throwing chairs and ashtrays when he lost bets.
An estimated 10, gangsters regarded Broken Tooth as their boss and referred to him as "Big Brother. Wan was arrested in May , hours after a homemade bomb destroyed a car belonging to the Macau's police chief.
He was reportedly arrested while watching a U. He was later given a 15 year prison sentence. Several of his top lieutenants were also jailed.
Broken Tooth continued to run the 14K Triad from prison through cell phone and giving orders through his brother who was also imprisoned. He also reportedly had frequent lady visitors to his cell.
One guard who tried to bring a little discipline to the prison was gunned down outside a coffee shop on his day off.
Yip Kai-foon, a professionally-trained gunman, was another well-known Hong Kong gangster. He lead a small gang notorious for robbing jewelry stores and kidnaping rich businessmen, sometimes exacting huge ransoms.
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